She strikes here, she strikes there, she strikes between her legs. In irish and scottish mythology the cailleach is a hag goddess concerned with. The word literally means old woman, hag, and is found with this meaning in modern irish. This was first printed in 1917 and a reprint is available or you can access it online via the sacred text collection the first chapters of that book heavily involve the cailleach by the name of queen beira. She is the old hag, witch, seer, prophetess and goddess. The celtic goddesses page concentrates on names and qualities of the deities from britain and ireland. Certainly cally berry is no invention of the new age but is she, as cailleach bheur, or the possibly related cailleach bheirre or even cailleach uragaig of colonsay, any of them goddesses. Astronomy pic of the day for june 11 a message from earth. In gaelic mythology irish, scottish and manx the cailleach irish pronunciation. In scotland the cailleach bheur serves a similar purpose as the personification of winter. The cailleach was unique among celtic deities, only appearing in gaelicspeaking regionsnamely, ireland, scotland, and the isle of man.
Dictionary of mythology wordsworth collection by comte, fernand and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at. In gaelic mythology irish, scottish and manx the cailleach is a divine hag, a creator deity. Beira is the name given by 20thcentury folklorist donald alexander mackenzie to the cailleach bheur, the personification of winter and the mother of all the gods and goddesses in scottish mythology. Landscape of scottish mythological gods, goddesses and giants. Standing astride the british landscape, looms the giant blue form of the cailleach. The cailleach bheur genteel old lady of scotland is a bluefaced hag of winter, who ages in reversefrom old and ugly symbolizing winter to young and lovely spring. Standing astride the british landscape there looms the giant blue form of the cailleach.
In gaelic mythology the cailleach is a divine hag, a creator deity, a weather deity, and an ancestor deity. Other names tied into this deity included beira, queen of winter, the triple goddess, mother. In scotland, tales of weather hags which include the cailleach bheur, various carlines and witches and a figure known perversely as gentle annie abound, but most of these tales are very localised. List of creatures in scottish and gaelic folklore scotland. Kidding aside and yes, i am a game of thrones fan, for those. Whether seen as a benevolent earthshaping giantess, harsh winter hag goddess, shapeshifting crone, guardian of sacred wells and animals, or ancient bestower of sovereignty, the cailleach appears in many roles and manifestations in myths and legends across the british isles.
She is the veiled one, the queen of winter who determines its length and harshness. The word cailleach means hag in modern scottish gaelic, and has been applied to numerous mythological figures in ireland, scotland and the isle of man. The irish sovereignty figure, whose scottish gaelic counterpart is cailleach beinne bric. Cailleach is a busy hag among her duties she deals in harvests and fertility as well as protection. Cailleach bheur preceltic, gaelic, scottish, british, arthurian her name means veiled one or hooded one which in terms of the older myths meant aged or burdened in some fashion. Exploring the myths, folklore and legends of the preeminent celtic hag g. She is also commonly known as the cailleach bhearach or bheur ach. She is then turned to stone, or to a tree, or to a young woman every beltane, in the month of may. Jan 10, 2018 like many pagan holidays, imbolc has a celtic connection, although it wasnt celebrated in nongaelic celtic societies. She has also edited 6 anthologies, including hekate her sacred fires, priestesses pythonesses and sybils and horns of power. Cailleach bheur is said to reside at ben nevis, and ushers in the winter at samhainn by washing her cloak in the corryvreckan coire bhreacain the cauldron of the plaid a whirlpool found between the islands of jura and mull, which has a fearsome reputation of being unnavigable because no loch was big enough for it. Apr 11, 2020 gods, goddesses, and others from around the world. In scottish mythology the hag goddess of winter, cailleach bheur, uses the gulf to wash her great plaid, and this ushers in the turn of the seasons from autumn to winter.
She is associated with one of the celtic creation myths which usually pertain to local land features and bears a similar role to gaea in greek mythology and jord in norse mythology. Ancient origins articles related to cailleach bheur in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. Another aspect of goddess worship, or reverence and fear, was focused on the image of a wizened old hag known as the dark queen of all scottish giants, the goddess and giantess cailleach bheur the old wife. In short, this lovely book is a great primer to learning of the legendary celtic hag goddess, the cailleach by taking you on a walk through her history and legends. Transmutations of immortality in the lament of the old woman of beare pdf. Encyclopedia of celtic mythology and folklore stoa. Beira is the name she was given by 20th century folklorist donald alexander mackenzie in his book scottish wonder tales from myth and legends, who described her in the following manner. Mackay referred to the cailleach as the most tremendous figure in gaelic myth today.
The cailleach bera is a great mountain builder who carried loads of stone in her apron and dropped them when the string broke. Magickal beginnings and the she is the author of around 20 books exploring subjects related to the practice and history of magic, mythology, religion, folklore and witchcraft. Deity of the day for monday, june 11 cailleach witches. In modern scottish folklore studies she is also known as beira, queen of winter. In spring she was engaged with a hammer in keeping the grass under.
Long before the advent of christianity, a group of islands known as albion was ruled by giants. The irish version however, is not so closely associated with winter nor with the wild beasts. Timeless tales of gods and heroes, 75th anniversary illustrated edition by edith hamilton at indigo. She is the author of more than 20 published books, including hekate liminal rites, artemis virgin goddess of the sun and moon, visions of the cailleach and the isles of the many gods. In irish and scottish mythology the cailleach is a hag goddess concerned with creation harvest the weather and sovereignty in partnership with the goddess brigid she is a. In a story from argyll the cailleach was slain by a hunter who hacked her to pieces, but she returned to life when all her body parts came together again. Celtic mythology a to z, 2nd edition pdf free download epdf. In partnership with the goddess brigid, she is a seasonal goddess, seen as. Her previous books include titles such as hekate liminal rites, practical elemental magick, visions of the cailleach, wicca. Stories, told and retold, embedded in the texture of culture and community, collected and studied for many decades, are here translated and made available to the general reader. As winter approaches, she uses the gulf as her washtub, and it is said the roar of the coming tempest can be heard from as far away as twenty miles, lasting for a. In scottish traditions, this is a blue faced crone goddess who blusters with power throughout the winter months.
Department of folklore and ethnology university college cork. Free shipping and pickup in store on eligible orders. Mackay referred to the cailleach as the most tremendous figure in. In irish and scottish mythology, the cailleach is a hag goddess concerned with creation, harvest, the weather and sovereignty.
See more ideas about gods and goddesses, pagan gods and mythology. According to the fourteenth century yellow book of lecan, the cailleach enjoyed. Black annis the tales annis has borne many names over the years black anna, black anny, black agnes as well as cat anna. The cailleach is often referred to as the cailleach bhearach, cailleach bheur ach, or variations thereof. Jun 25, 2019 while it may be mostly pagans who celebrate the yule holiday today, nearly all cultures and faiths have held some sort of winter solstice celebration or festival. Generally, the local cailleach lives up the nearest large or barren mountain peak, or somewhere similar. Pagan portals the cailleach and millions of other books are available for. A collection of essays exploring the myths, magic and mythology of the faerie queens. Landscape of scottish mythological gods, goddesses and. There are many supernatural creatures to be found in scottishgaelic folklore, scotland has a rich culture going back over 2,000 years.
Cailleach bheur s themes are balance, cycles, rebirth, overcoming and winter. Book of the dead it would appear that the preservation of the body was necessary for the continued existence of. In scottish folklore, beira is said to be the goddess of winter. In scotland she is also known as beira, queen of winter. In prehistoric times, early man was bowled over by natural events. Beira, the scottish queen of the winter myth crafts. This may be an anglicised version of the title cailleach bheur. The old woman or old wife, a spirit of whom people were afraid in harvest. He is the author of numerous academic articles and leading authority on the cailleach. Cailleach the winter witch art print goddess irish folklore mythology crone old woman. Cailleach bheur, cailleach bera, calilleach beara, cailleac bhearra in irland.
Book cover creation myth, deer, waves, illustrations. They spread their goddess worshipping practices across the areas they conquered. Pixie led book 2 in the twilight court series by amy sumida. Cailleach prayer card in 2020 celtic goddess, pagan art. Duped that they sat at home and breastfed, when theyd much rather have been out and about, with someone else bottle feeding formula but they sacrificed for the breastfeeding and what do they get, a child thats no. Whether she is seen as a benevolent earthshaping giantess, harsh winter hag goddess, shapeshifting crone, guardian of sacred wells and animals, or ancient bestower of sovereignty. The cailleach bheirre of ireland represents sovereignty over the land and is ancestress of many peoples. Similarly the egyptian goddesses sekhet and hathor were destroyers, and tefnut was goddess of plagues. In her playscript, european mythology, jacqueline simpson describes the scottish variant, the cailleach bheur, as a marvellous, bluefaced crone who is both a incarnation of overwinter and a protectress of barbaric animals.
After their demise and brutus conquest, britain became a land of celtic people with customs and traditions deeply entwined with nature. The word cailleach in modern irish and scottish gaelic, old woman comes from the old irish caillech veiled one, an adjectival form of old irish caille veil, an early loan from latin pallium cloak, an ecclesiastical garment worn by nuns. Beginning of a dialog window, including tabbed navigation to register an account or sign in to an existing account. Daughter of winter is the first book in a gripping fantasy series based on the legends behind the winter goddess, cailleach bheur. An cailleach bhearra an ifb short film 8 minutes ben cruachan, the hollow mountain the legend of cruachan, featuring the cailleach bheur. Photos of the hags chair and other megalithic features at slieve na calliagh, ireland. Exploring the myths, folklore and legends of the preeminent celtic hag goddess deste, sorita, rankine, david on. The legendary figures and mythical creatures found in celtic folk tales have survived centuries of oral tradition.
In spring, the person last done with the shearing had to feed her till next harvest. Fairy queen book two, the fae titania, fairy queen, is a strongwilled woman. In ireland, a supernatural hag who is almost identical with the cailleach bheur of the scottish highlands. Vintage persona from a wintertime solstice salutation scorecard. Illustrations to the book russian folk tales by boris zabirokhin folk tales, russian. James mackillop, dictionary of celtic mythology, oxford, 1998. This volume presents an analysis of the wise woman healer from the oral traditions of irelands rural communities. Earlier this 20th century, scottish folktale collector j. Nov 21, 2010 m y patron goddess is the cailleach, and in my research i have found her linked to black annis who crops up not only in books on folklore, mythology or witchcraft, but also historical tomes especially ones on leicester. In some parts of the scottish highlands, brighid was viewed as a sister of cailleach bheur, a.
The cailleach is a celtic ancestor deity, a goddess of cold and winds. Gearoid o crualaoich is professor folklore and ethnology in university college cork and is regarded as one of the most original thinkers in these fields. Cailleach old woman or hag in modern irish and scottish gaelic comes from the old gaelic caillech veiled one, an adjectival form of caille veil, an early loan from latin pallium, woolen cloak. Cailleach, the veiled one posted on february 4, 2014 by west coast pagan scotland cailleach bheur gentle old lady, divine hag, cailleach uragaig, cailleach beinne bric old woman of the speckled mountain, cailleach mor great old woman, carlin, scotia. Exploring the myths, folklore and legends of the pre. Supernatural creatures in scottish folklore this is a list of them. From beinn ghobhlach towards cailleach head little loch broom to the left and annat bay to the right. Apr 19, 2019 another aspect of goddess worship, or reverence and fear, was focused on the image of a wizened old hag known as the dark queen of all scottish giants, the goddess and giantess cailleach bheur the old wife. Gods in scotland the firth of clyde, named after clota the washer, the strongly flowing one there is considerably less concrete evidence to go on as far as scottish deities are concerned, with a sad lack of native mythology that can be firmly dated to any antiquity by and large. Ben cruachan, the hollow mountain the legend of cruachan, featuring the cailleach bheur. Journal of law and education 19722015 books by language journal of economic education 19692015 bibliotheca sacra. See more ideas about celtic, celtic mythology and gods and goddesses. Posted on june 11, 2012 by ladyoftheabyss posted in articles tagged bealltainn, beltane, cailleach, ireland, isle of man, scotland, scottish gaelic, scottish mythology.
In irish and scottish mythology, the cailleach irish pronunciation. Beira was a oneeyed giantess with white hair, dark blue skin, and rustcolored teeth. Sep 22, 2016 list of creatures in scottish and gaelic folklore. In scotland, for instance, as we show, she is called cailleach bheur, and, like other archaic tribal deities and ghosts, she was the enemy of mankind. Beira is cailleach bheur, the personification of winter and the mother of all. The cailleach is a celtic goddess, the embodiment of winter reborn every samhain or halloween. Celtic ideology contains elements that acknowledge the cosmic forces of fertility and reproduction that was governed by divine female. The word literally means old woman, hag, and is found with this meaning in modern irish and scottish gaelic, and has been applied to numerous mythological figures in ireland, scotland and the isle of man.
While it may be mostly pagans who celebrate the yule holiday today, nearly all cultures and faiths have held some sort of winter solstice celebration or festival. According to mcneill at least one tradition views bride and the cailleach as being one and the same, with the cailleach drinking from the well of youth at the beginning of each spring, whereby she is transformed into the youthful bride. Because of the theme of endless birth, life, death, and rebirth, the time of the solstice is often associated with deity and other legendary figures. Having sex with kings is apparently a perk of the job. Cailleach, celtic goddess of winter celtic goddess, celtic mythology. Crones overview of tales about the cailleach and cailleachan in mythology and folklore, along with a bit of lore about hags in other cultures. Ben cruachan, the hollow mountain the legend of cruachan, featuring the cailleach bheur photos of the hags chair and other megalithic features at slieve na calliagh, ireland crones overview of tales about the cailleach and cailleachan in mythology and folklore, along with. The cailleach by niamh orourke the cailleach is a very ancient irish deity mentioned many times in early irish mythological texts. Historically the celts were a society of warriors using war to gain agricultural land, cattle and other valuable resources. The series draws you into a world of celtic mythology, powerful druids, dark magic, and fated mates. Her staff freezes the earth and the rocks that fall from her keel turn into mountains. Cailleach old woman or hag in modern irish and scottish gaelic comes from the old gaelic.
Goddess cailleach bheur deities, celtic mythology, mythology. The early celts celebrated a purification festival by honoring brighid. Donald alexander mackenzie in scottish folklore and folk life 1935 drew a possible connection between the beithir and the mythological hag known as the cailleach bheur. Because of the theme of endless birth, life, death, and rebirth, the time of the solstice is often. She brings the snow and cold until the wheel of time turns toward spring on beltane may day. Cailleach the irish spirit of sorcery irish mythology.
A divine hag and a creator deity, she remains a popular topic for poets and writers. Celtic mythology a to z second edition mythology a to z african. Com cailleach the hags glen and gaelic goddess myth. In scottish traditions, this is a blue faced crone goddess who blusters with power.1018 88 342 1013 983 1305 1477 252 856 1507 1311 1252 625 756 1451 1493 1116 1151 1070 575 754 962 1354 1072 973 336 847 730 300 608 886 480 1373 58 229